Nine PhD students in the NORA project and an additional nine PhD students in related projects met for a five days' course in the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, at Ås. The lectures were given by researchers in the NORA project - experts on regulatory biology, soil and wastewater systems as well as gas emissions. In addition to lectures, there was laboratory work, field work and an excursion. Here is the program for the first NORA summer school. Students and teachers stayed at Reenskaug Hotel in Drøbak.